College of Medical Sciences
    University of Calabar


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Central bock: Calabar, the home of the University and capital of Cross River State is situated along the bank of the Calabar River and about 50 nautical miles north of the Cross River estuary. The city which was the seat of the Niger Coast, Oil River and Southern Protectorates has a rich history steeped in colonialism that reflects the long-standing contact with Europe from early 15th century. The Calabar Slave History Museum is replete with relics of the trade in oil palm product and slaves. Today, the state and city are a bourgeoning tourist haven in the West African sub-region.
Top left: The state is the location of a rich medley of tropical flora, typified by the tropical rain forest vegetation, so expansive and lush, that it generates a climate of it own. It is a virgin habitat of a variety of monkeys, flocks of gaudy plumaged canopy birds, vast underbrush communities of rodents and a wealth of insect lives.
Top right: The state is in a region endemic for loaiasis, a lymphatic and blood filariasis transmitted by the bite of the high canopy blood –sucking deer fly (mango fly) of the genus Chrysops. In infected persons, the adult worm often migrates beneath the conjunctiva (eye worm) or in the subcutaneous tissue, causing itchy fugitive swellings called “calabar swellings”
Bottom right: The ‘calabar beans,’ (esere, in Efik), named for the place where the plant was first described, are shelled from pods of a herbaceous legume, Physostigma venenosum. The seeds have a high content of the alkaloid ‘physostigmine’ (eserine), the “ordeal poison”. In the local folk lore, the seeds were used in the trials of suspects of grave social crimes and witch craft. Each suspect was made to chew and swallow a mouthful of the beans or drink a cup of the infusion. Guilt was usually established by prompt death from poisoning. Today, eserine as physostigmine salicylate has found its niche in clinical pharmacology as an antidote for reversible inhibition of acetyl cholinesterase activity, reversal of atropine activity and inhibition of anticholinergic drug toxicity of the central nervous system .
Bottom left: The iconic symbols represent the vast range and usage scopes of the disciplines in the health sciences.

The Calabar Journal of Health Sciences (CJHS), a quarterly publication of the College of Medical Sciences of the University of Calabar is published by the University of Calabar Press.The focus of CJHS is on the publication of new information on the clinical, physiological and sociological aspects of human health and disease. Commensurate emphasis is on disease etiologies, morbidity, mortality, and the impact of new insights and advancing technologies on diagnosis, treatment, control and prevention.
This peer-reviewed journal has a wide scope that encompasses:

  • Basic Medical Sciences
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Clinical and Dental Sciences
  • Climate Change Impact on health; emerging and re-emerging diseases
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Community Medicine
  • Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Ethno-pharmacognosy
  • Health Reserach Ethics
  • Medical Laboratory Science
  • Medico-Legal Aspects of Health
  • Nursing Science
  • Pharmaceutical Sciences
  • Primary Health Care
  • Public Health
  • Sports Medicine

Editorial Board

Calabar Journal of Health Sciences

Editorial Board

Prof. Simon J. Utsalo Editor-in-Chief
Prof. Akanimo Essiet Deputy Editor-in-Chief
Prof. Martin Meremikwu Editor
Prof. Lydia Abia-Bassey Editor
Prof. John E. Ekabua Editor
Prof. Francis V. Udoh Editor
Prof. Daniel Owu Production Editor

Editorial Advisers (External)

Prof. Ekanem B. Ekanem (Nig.)
Prof. E.T. Ifon (USA)
Prof. Olayiwola Shittu (Nig.)
Prof. Osato Giwa-Osagie (Nig.)
Prof. Bala Shehu (Nig.)
Prof. John Ehiri (USA)
Prof. Francis O. Eko (USA)
Prof. Josephine Etowa (CA)
Prof. Alexander Osunkwo (Nig.)
Prof. Harish Gugnani (Brit.West-Indies)

Editoria Advisers(Internal)

Prof. Eme E. Osim
Prof. Maisie H. Etukudoh
Prof. E.E.J. Asuquo
Prof. Mildred John
Prof. Theresa B. Ekanem
Prof. C.H. Njoku

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Calabar Journal of Health Sciences is the first official scientific publication of the College of Medical Sciences of the University of Calabar, Nigeria. It is profiled to be an impactful scientific publication outreach and to create a literary space for scholars to share their research findings with the global intellectual community. The medium is also intended to address the health research communication deficit in the African sub-region, which is literally the theatre of the world’s most morbid health crises.

The scope of this journal is multi-disciplinary and encompasses the health sciences;Basic Medical Sciences, Biomedical Engineering, Clinical and Dental Sciences, Climate Change impact on global health–emerging diseases, Clinical Psychology, Community Medicine, Environmental and Occupational Health, Ethno-pharmacognosy, Health-Related Ethics, Medical Laboratory Science, Medico-Legal aspects of Health, Nursing Science, Pharmaceutical Science, PrimaryHealth Care, Public Health and Sports Medicine.

In recent times, the scourge of malaria and other tropical diseases had momentarily been eclipsed by the pandemic fury of the more abrupt and transient out-breaks of Lassa and Ebola haemorrhagic fevers, and the Zika virus infection episodes. The factors of climate change and other man-made causes and their effects on community health remain ominous. Floods have swept road networks, whole communities and farm lands with deaths in their trail and millions rendered homeless.

The threats and ravages of war are no less devastating. War kills people, despoils the environment, shreds the fabric of healthy family life as units are ripped from their homelands,making migrants of whole communities torn by disruptive violence. Deaths, traumatic injuries and health failure from physical and emotional stresses and malnutrition supervene. The ensuing disease out-breaks make the life prospects of many even more harrowing.

This is the age of aggravated global health challenges about which every researcher in the field of health should have an observation to document and a research finding to report.The expanding fields of biomedical engineering and molecular biotechnology are creating new environments in research and positively impacting healthpreservation, restoration and finger-printing of etiological agents of health failure and expanding their horizons in various fields of health research.The dynamics of the intricate inter-microbial transactions that promote and sustain drug resistancechallengesare being unraveled,creating new technologies and domains in nucleic acid and protein research. Intellectuals in the health sciences are hereby urged to express themselves through innovative research and by using this literary medium to communicate new knowledge to the global academic community.

Finally, I thank Prof. Maurice E. Asuquo, the Provost of the College of Medical Sciences for his vision to float this journal and the inspiration that has helped to realize this objective. The Editorial Board acknowledges thankfully, the support of the Vice Chancellor Prof. Zana I. Akpagu for providing the resources for promoting this academic project.

Prof Simon. J. Utsalo


The editorial board announces the publication of the maiden issue of the Calabar Journal of Health Sciences.

Click on the 'Journal' link on the navigation/menu bar at the top of this page to obtain information on the submission of manuscripts.


College of Medical Sciences
University of Calabar, Calabar, Cross River State.
(+234)80366 898 40